Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) is a broad pain disorder that refers to several conditions affecting the temporomandibular joint of the jaw and the muscles of mastication. TMD is known to be associated with depression and anxiety as in most pain disorders. These emotional stresses usually result in contraction of the facial muscles, pain and bruxism and cause temporomandibular joint dysfunction. Bruxism refers to the clenching and grinding of teeth due to abnormal repetitive movements of the mandible. Bruxism can occur during the period in which patients are awake and aware of their behavior, as well as when they are asleep and unaware of their behavior. The aim of our study; was to investigation of sleep quality of sleep in temporomandibular joint disorders. The cases were divided into two groups as the experimental group consisting of 30 patients diagnosed with temporomandibular joint disorders and the control group consisting of 31 healthy individuals. In both groups, quality of sleep was evaluated using ‘Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index’. Mean age and disease duration of our study group were, respectively, 28,47±16,30 years and 26.78±27.88 months in the TMD group and 22,97±2,61 years in the control group. According to independent sample t-test analyze, there is no differeces between groups. (p=0.98). In our study, we determined that patients with TMD have no any sleep problems compared to their healthy. However, we think that this is due to the low mean age and disease duration of our patient group.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Temporomandibular Joint, Sleep, Myofascial Pain Syndrome