Migration, which is one of the oldest phenomena in history, leads to spatial mobility of people by natural reasons (earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis) or human reasons (business concerns, wars and political pressures). Migration is not a property of a country or a region in the world. For this reason, migration is seen in many regions of the world. Migration has many effects on the structure of the receiving areas as well as on the places to be migrated. Therefore , European societies have started to adopt a more selective and discriminatory attitude towards migration in order to avoid the negative effects of migration. Turkey remained many times face to face with the fact of migrate in the historical process. The migration waves that started after the 1st and 2nd world wars continued with economic factors. Migration continues today with the effect of political and ethnic conflicts in Turkey's’ neighbors. In 2011, more than 10 million Syrian people were displaced due to internal conflicts in Syria. Today, almost 4 million of immigrants from Syria live in Turkey. Turkey is the most affected countries by the massive migration movements from Syria. At the beginning of the movement, it is thought that immigrants who take refuge in our country will return to their country in a short time, and because of the prolongation of the period, it is thought that they can stay in our country continuously. In this study, after drawing the conceptual framework of migration in general, the effects of migration on social and spatial structure are examined. To demonstrate that how the migration affect on social and spatial structure, distribution of Syrian refugees in geography of Turkey has been determined in the light of data. In this context, the effects of the Syrian migrants on the social and spatial structure in Esenyurt were tried to be explained with examples.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Migration, Geography, Syrian Refugees, Spatial Impact, Social Impact