Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is a term including different conditions involving the temporomandibular joint, the masticatory muscles and their associated tissues (ligaments, connective tissues etc.). TMD can present with any or all of the following signs and symptoms: pain in the temporomandibular joint or muscles of mastication which may radiate or refer to local or distant structures; clicking, popping or crepitus of the temporomandibular joint on any of its movements with or without locking of the joint; headache limited to the temporal region; and otalgia or tinnitus,or both in the absence of aural disease. All these signs and symptoms may cause impaired functionality, health and sleep quality in people with TMD. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between pain with functionality and health status in TMD. 30 cases diagnosed with TMD were included in the study. Measurements used were the visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, ‘Jaw Function Restriction’ for functionality and ‘Patient Health Questionnaire’ for health status. The mean age and disease duration was found 28.47±16.30 years 26.78±27.88 months respectively. Significant correlation was found between pain with functionality (p= 0,03, r= 0,39) and health status (p=0.02, r=0,42). In our study we determined that, pain was positively correlated with functionality and health status in patients with TMD.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Temporomandibular Joint, Health Status, Function