Turkish construction sector plays a vital role for the Turkish economy by contributing significantly to Turkey’s GDP. However, its inferior labor conditions lead to poor working environment and ineffective work methods which hinder establishing sustainable growth. In this context, the aim of this study is to explore problems and requirements of the current institutional and regulative systems which govern the labor standards in Turkish Construction Sector and also to propose solutions to improve the current systems to meet global labor standards set by ILO.
By this aim, after a detailed content analysis of literature, primary data was collected by in-depth structured interviews which were constructed by the topics and dimensions that were derived from the content analysis of literature review and secondary data. We interviewed with labor regulation and law experts, Inspection and Enforcement Experts from the Ministry of Labor, Occupational Health and Safety Experts, workers from the Construction Union, representatives of Health and Safety Labor Watch and academicians who work on construction sector in Turkey. We adapted the methods like stakeholders analysis, regulative impact analysis and benchmarking with developed countries. of analysis and conducted a stakeholder analysis for picturing out the current situation of the labor standards and the institutional system that govern them in Turkey. By cause-and-effect analysis, the root causes of chronic labor standards are revealed. Based on the analyses, design requirements are defined, solution concepts were developed and selected by House of Quality method. Findings revealed that significant updates to labor legislation is needed and an institution is should be established to monitör and evaluate the labor standard performance of industrial actors. As an enabler of this institution a scorecard application for evaluating labor conditions in companies is designed. An urgent need for enhanced cooperation between stakeholders, information management, and continuous feedback mechanisms were emphasized.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Construction sector, Labor standards, labor conditions, institutional system design, work health and safety